Project Partner 4: IFREMER

Ifremer, through its research work and expert advice, contributes to knowledge of the oceans and their resources, to monitoring of marine and coastal environments and to the sustainable development of marine activities. To these ends, Ifremer conceives and operates tools for observation, experimentation and monitoring, and manage the oceanographic databases. It also operates a great part of the ocean research fleet. Created in 1984, Ifremer is a public institute of an industrial and commercial nature (EPIC). It is supervised jointly by the Ministry of Higher Education and Research and the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy. Ifremer works in a network with the French scientific community, but also in collaboration with partner organisations in numerous other countries. Ifremer performs targeted applied research to address the questions posed by society (climate change effects, marine biodiversity, pollution prevention, seafood quality etc.). Results include scientific knowledge, technological innovations, and systems for ocean observation and exploration. Partnerships may be public, private or a combination of the two.

In the department of "Biological Resources and Environment" that aims to improve knowledge about ocean resources and to evaluate and develop their sustainable exploitation, thus promoting the socioeconomic development of the maritime world, especially fisheries and aquaculture, the research unit “Functional Physiology of Marine Organisms” (PFOM, localized at Brest, France) is devoted to study and knowledge the main physiological functions of exploited marine animals (especially marine bivalves and fishes), such as reproduction, growth, metabolism, nutrition and the response of these functions to environmental changes. PFOM is included in the Joint Research Unit LEMAR, the Marine Environmental Sciences Laboratory that combines Western Brittany University, CNRS, IRD and Ifremer.

Project team

Pierre Boudry, geneticist. Involved in Activities 2 and 3.

Pierre BoudryPierre Boudry received his PhD from UPMC (Paris) in 1994 and since then developed his research on marine bivalves as geneticist in Ifremer. His research focuses on the study of genetic and genomic bases of life history-related traits in the Pacific oyster, in relation with the aquacultural or environmental importance of this species. He is (co)author of 1 book, 4 book chapters and 109 peer-reviewed articles. He is currently Director of the Ifremer research unit Functional Physiology of Marine Organisms and Associate Director of the Marine Environmental Sciences Laboratory (Joint Research Unit LEMAR). He is member of the editorial boards of Aquaculture and Aquatic Living Resources.


Rossana Sussarellu, marine biologist. Involved in Activities 2 and 3.

Rossana SussarelluRossana Sussarellu is postdoc at the Ifremer Brest on the MICRO project. She holds a PhD in Biological Oceanology from the Western Brittany University on physiological responses to hypoxia of oysters. Her research interests and skills are on stress response of marine organism, trancriptomics, functional genomics, populations genomics. Her task in the MICRO project is to asses the physiological effects of microplastics on oysters.




José Zambonino, Fish physiologist. Involved in Activities 2.

José ZamboninoJosé Zambonino graduated in 1990 with a Ph.D. at the University of Montpellier (France). He was recruited in 1992 by Ifremer. He is the joint-manager of the Team 1 of the Marine Environmental Sciences Laboratory (Joint Research Unit LEMAR). He has a very strong scientific expertise in fish larval physiology, dealing in particular with the functional ontogenetic development of larvae with particular efforts towards nutritional and environmental control of gene expression during early development of fish larvae. He has contributed to more than 100 peer reviewed articles and to 5 book chapters (H-point = 29).



David Mazurais, physiologist & molecular biologist. Involved in activity 2.

David MazuraisDavid received his PhD in Biochemistry, Cellular & Molecular biology from University of Rennes in 2000. Research activities of David Mazurais are in the field of gene expression in relation with fish larval development and energy metabolism. For several years, he has studied the molecular mechanisms implicated in the maturation of key physiological functions (i.e. ossification, digestion) and in the regulation of energy metabolism. He has a special scientific expertise in molecular skills including transcriptomic approach. David has contributed to 39 peer reviewed articles and 2 book chapters. His main task in the MICRO project is to investigate the physiological effects of microplastics on fish physiology.


Arnaud Huvet, molecular physiologist. Involved in all Activities.

Arnaud HuvetArnaud Huvet is a researcher at Ifremer since 2001. He received his PhD in population geneticist from the University of Tours. He became experienced during his scientific career
in physiology of marine bivalves especially in relation with environmental changes. The issues in physiology are addressed mainly by molecular and genomic tools, that correspond to Arnaud’s expertise. Arnaud is currently involved in a range of French and European projects, mainly devoted to the impact of environmental factors, including stressful, on the molecular responses of bivalves at the individual and population levels. For MICRO, he is responsible of the partner Ifremer and of the activity 3 “Socio-economic impacts of microplastics”. He is (co)author of 2 book chapters and 47 peer-reviewed articles. For more details, see http://annuaire.ifremer.fr/cv/16160/

Marc Suquet, marine biologist. Involved in Activities 2 and 3.

Marc SuquetMarc Suquet is a researcher at Ifremer since 1988. He received his Master from La Sorbonne (Paris, 1988). He became experienced during his scientific career in physiology of marine fish and bivalves especially concerning the biology and management of their gametes. The issues in physiology are addressed mainly by biochemistry, microscopy and rearing capacities. Furthermore, Marc is involved in short term storage and cryopreservation of gametes and embryos. Marc is currently involved in a range of French and European projects, mainly devoted to the biology of gametes. For MICRO, he is involved in the effect of microplastics on sperm and oocyte traits. He is (co)author of 3 book chapters and 49 peer-reviewed articles. For more details, see http://w3.ifremer.fr/annuaire/?q=marc+suquet


Charlotte Corporeau, biochemist. Involved in Activities 2 and 3.

Charlotte CorporeauCharlotte Corporeau, known as Cha, did her PhD at the University of Paris in developmental biology, where she studied proteins involved in fundamental processes of early development in vertebrate species. She experienced 8 years as a biochemical researcher at the medicine faculty in Brest, to analyse intracellular signaling pathways involved in physiology of vertebrate species, before taking a postdoctoral research position to understand how dysregulation of these signaling pathways can lead pathology in human, such as diabetes. She subsequently moved to Ifremer where she played an important part in the development of proteomics and the discovering of signaling pathways in marine species, such as oyster, scallop and clam. Charlotte is currently involved in a range of French and European projects, mainly devoted to the impact of environmental factors, including stressful, on the molecular responses of bivalves at the individual and population levels. For MICRO, she is responsible of proteomic analyses of mechanisms impacted by MP in oysters and gametes.

René Robert, ecophysiologist. Involved in Activities 2 and 3.

René RobertRené Robert is a senior researcher (PhD-1983, HDR-2000). He joined the part of IFREMER formerly known as ISTPM in 1980. He has been the manager of the IFREMER Experimental Station at Argenton for the last 20 years and during the last 10 years was the head of the IFREMER project “Production of Quality Juveniles” whose research targeted on mollusc hatchery improvement. He has 32 years of experience in clam, pectinids (scallops) and oyster aquaculture research. His expertise includes growth and reproduction of molluscs, ecotoxicological evaluation and the ecological and physiological requirements of larvae and seed - particularly focusing on their nutritional needs and diet improvement (phytoplankton production and alternative substitutes). He has organized many special sessions in national and international meetings and is an active member of EUROSHELL, a Thematic Group of the European Aquaculture Society (EAS) on shellfish culture research, and a member of the steering committee of the World Oyster Society (WOS). Dr. Robert has 100 presentations to his credit in various national and international meetings in addition to nearly 88 peer-reviewed publications.

Several technicians from the fish and invertebrate groups of Ifremer partner are involved in MICRO.

For the fish group, Patrick Quazuguel is implicated in the maintenance of fish larvae breeding in controlled environments. He is in charge of the preparation of the feed incorporating microplastic. Armele Severe is involved in the histological analysis of fish tissue. Elisabeth Desbruyeres and Christine Huelvan are implicated in molecular biology and biochemistry analyses, respectively.
For the invertebrate group, Christian Mingant and Bruno Petton are implicated in controlled experiments in oyster, and in charge of the design of experimental procedures with Philippe Miner and Pierrick Le Souchu. Dominique Baud produces algae to feed marine bivalves. Virgile Quillien is in charge of histology. Jean Yves Daniel and Claudie Quéré are implicated in molecular biology and biochemistry analyses, respectively. Charlotte Laot, hired for the project, is implicated in the maintenance of the controlled experiments and in the biochemistry analyses.

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ILVO  Ifremer  Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)  Cefas  Deltares, Enabling Delta Life  Provincie West-Vlaanderen, door mensen gedreven  Ministerie  Interreg IV A, 'Investing in your future' Crossborder cooperation programme 2007-2013 Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund)